Santa Teresa Gallura it is located at the end of the northern coast of Sardinia. Founded in the early nineteenth century, at the behest of Vittorio Emanuele I of Savoy, on the insistent requests of the commander of the Sardinian-Piedmontese garrison, Francesco Maria Magnon. The first settlement on the territory dates back to the nuragic period and it is still possible to see traces of it. During the Roman rule in Sardinia, there were two inhabited areas in the area: Longonis that stood on a bank of the current port and Tibula which seems to have been located near Capo Testa where the consular road ended. The Romans used the area to cut and work the precious granite rocks that were used for the construction of monuments and noble villas in ancient Rome. Still today it is possible to find remains like large blocks of granite that show the signs of working both on the beach and under the water (eg: Capo Testa). In the Middle Ages, in the period of the maritime republics the Longobard village was founded by the Pisans with the aim of constituting a strategic outpost, close to Corsica then dominated by Genoa; bitter rival of Pisa. In 1384 Eleonora d 'Arborea had a castle built (of which there is no longer any trace) later destroyed by the Genoese. This destruction led to the depopulation of the air which became a refuge for bandits and pirates for about two centuries. The intensification of smuggling prompted the King of Spain Philip II on the proposal of the Sardinian assembly, to build a military tower to control and consequently counter the smugglers' landing. At the head of the tower, Francesco Maria Magnon was assigned as commander. Today, due to its geographical position, Santa Teresa Gallura has developed an economy based mainly on tourism.
Santa Teresa Gallura (Lungòni in the Gallura dialect) is a town of about 4,500 inhabitants in the province of Sassari. The center of Santa Teresa Gallura is easily reached by first taking the Via Nazionale, then continuing along Via Maria Teresa to arrive in Piazza San Vittorio where the homonymous parish church is located. From here Via Cavour leads into Piazza Vittorio Emanuele, a meeting place for inhabitants and tourists during the summer months. Continuing along Via XX Settembre you reach the spectacular terrace that allows you to enjoy an extraordinary view of the Longosardo Tower, symbol of the town, on the suggestive Rena Bianca beach, on the wonderful coast of Corsica just a few miles away and on the islands of the archipelago. The walk along the finely finished granite walkways that weave near the Torre di Longosardo is recommended. The geographical position and the vast extension of the territory, which goes from the western border to the territory of Aglientu up to the east of Palau, offers the visitor a diversified panorama, made up of beaches with fine sand, granite cliffs, monumental coves, incomparable sea beds , unforgettable scents like the aroma of myrtle, the fragrance of broom, the scent of rosemary. To the west of Santa Teresa a "Capo Testa" promontory is connected by a narrow isthmus to be considered the natural masterpiece of the whole area. Prehistoric nuragic remains can be seen in Santa Teresa Gallura in the "Lu Brandali" complex. This settlement is very complex: it includes a nuraghe surrounded by walls with several towers, a village of huts, shelters under rock and the tomb of the giants. Time and reasons of various kinds have altered the appearance and consistency of the structures over the centuries. The first monument one encounters reaching the complex is the tomb of the giants. The characteristics of the building with large stones meant that the tradition attributed this type of tomb to legendary gigantic figures: it is actually the tomb of the village. That of Lu Brandali welcomed several dozen inhumates. It is suggestive to sit, in the silence, with your eyes turned to the sun in the space in front of the Tomb to enjoy the energy released by this place. The site is reached in the following way: From the main road of Via Nazionale, take Via Tibula, towards Capo Testa until you come to a parking area with a gate that leads to a path that leads to the multi-purpose educational center "Lu Brandali". From the port of Santa Teresa Gallura boats depart daily to visit the Archipelago National Park and ferries to Corsica.